Building Structural Design for Steel, Wood & Concrete Material

The choice of building materials and framing system depends on the carrying capacity of the load, function, economy, and age desired. The framing system must have adequate flexural characteristics to accommodate the architectural style of the building and non-structural elements. The framework is the basic framework of buildings made of wood, steel, reinforced concrete, or fabricated materials.

Structurally it is a recurring bond of wooden beams to wooden buttons. All wooden buildings are engineered in accordance with the International One and Two Residential Building Code.  You can explore ‘wood architecture design’ (which is also known as ‘wood arkitektur design’ in the Norwegian language).

Steel buildings consist of repeated framing of beams and steel columns. The beam-column joint is fully developed as a moment connection to resist lateral loads. The lateral force is transmitted by steel decking to the frame which resists the moment. This frame can be placed almost anywhere in the structure. Steel buildings are usually more flexible than wooden buildings in their design and offer the benefits of fire resistance, off-site component manufacturing, and low cost.

Steel buildings made of light frames are usually engineered and made with solid frames in a transverse orthogonal design. This frame offers maximum strength when columns and beams are built from lightweight steel plates.

Building structural engineers must ensure that their designs meet the desired load, safety, architecture, and serviceability and performance criteria. It must easily withstand the great burden of life and death together with climate change and natural disasters.